The majority of accommodation is on or near Jl SM Raja. Most budget options have cold water only.
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Giáy Denomination: Giáy.Other names: Nhắng, Giẳng, Sa Nhân. Pu- Nắm, Chủng Chá, Pầu Thin.Small local group: Pu Nà (Cùi Chu or Quý Châu) Population: 50,000.Language: Tày-TháiArea of habitation: Mainly in Bát Xát, Bảo Thắng and Mường Khương districts (Lào Cai province), Yên Ninh and Đồng Văn districts (Hà Giang province), and Phong Thổ and Mường Tè districts (Lai Châu province). About 200 years ago, a number of Giáy families left China, their native place, to settle in the northern regions of Vietnam. Others followed them several decades later. The Giáy are also present in China in the community of Bố Y. The Giáy have many similarities with the Tày, Nùng, Thái and Bố Y in many aspects (mode of life, dressing.language, customs). Some Giáy villages are extremely similar to those of the said ethnic groups.
Sán Chay Denomination: Sán Chay.Other names: Mán, Cao Lan-Sán Chỉ, Sơn Tử, Hờn Bạn, Hờn ChùngSmall local group: Cao Lan and Sán ChiPopulation: 147,000 © Language: Tày-ThaiArea of habitation: The Sán Chay are mainly concentrated in Tuyên Quang, Bắc Cạn and Thái Nguyên provinces. They are also found in scattered groups in certain areas of Yên Bái, Vĩnh Phúc, Phú Thọ, Bác Giang and Quảng Ninh provinces. The Sán Chỉ and Cao Lan speak different languages, but they can, to some extent, understand each other. The language of the Cao Lan is close to that of the Tày-Thái linguistic group, but their love songs (sình ca) and prayers are in Sán Chỉ, a Cantonese dialect. By contrast, in some regions of Sơn Động district (Bắc Giang province) the Sán Chỉ use Cao Lan for many rites and ceremonies. A few decades ago, elderly Sán Chỉ in Bình Liêu and Tiên Yen districts (Quảng Ninh province) still spoke Cao Lan. In th history of this community, bilinguism was therefore a matter of course.
Nùng Denomination: Nùng Small local group: Nùng Khèn Lài, Nùng Giang, Nùng An, Nùng Inh, Nùng Lòi, Nùng Phàn Sình, Nùng Cháo, Nùng Ọuý Rịn, Nùng Xuồng, Nùng Dín, Nùng Tùng Slin Population: Approx. 870,000 Language: Tày-Thái Area of habitation: Mainly in Cao Bằng and Lạng Sơn provinces. The Nùng live together with the Tày. A number of Nùng now live in Hồ Chí Minh City, Đồng Nai, Lâm Đồng and Đác Lắc. Material life Depending on the group and locality, the Nùng house may be built either level with the ground or half on stilts with clay walls and a tiled roof. In the past, people lived on the floor (if the house was on stilts), while cattle and poultry were kept below, on the ground, and agricultural produce and tools in the storage compartment near the roof (a kind of attic). Today, the house is larger and well- ventilated while the space under the floor is reserved for farming implements and wood. Cattle are kept in sheds built some distance from the main house. The Nùng house, by contrast with that of the Thái, is divided into two <parts widthwise. The front part is designed for the ancestral altar, and for receiving guests. The back part is used as bedroom and kitchen.
Thái Denomination: Thái. Other name: Táy Small local groups: Táy Khao, (White Thái), Táy Đăm (Black Tliái), Táy Chiềng or Táy Mương (Hàng Tổng), Táy Thanh (Man Thanh), Táy Mười, Pu Thay, Thổ Đà Bắc(l), Táy Mộc Châu (Táy Đeng) Population: Over 1,400,000 Language: Tày-Thái Area of habitation: Northwest Vietnam, in the territory extending from the Red River to the Lam River, across the Đà and Mã rivers The ancestors of the Thai settled in Vietnam very early, particularly in the northwest region. The White Thái first then the Black Thái arrived to settle en masse in their present area of habitation, constituting the majority of the population. They are also present in Laos, Thailand and Southern China. Material life The Thái live in houses on bamboo or wooden stilts with wattle and daub. The house is in general spacious and built with a clear sense of elegance. The roof of the Black Thái house is shaped like a tortoise carapace with antefixes (called khau cút) at each end of the ridge. That of the White Thái house is rectangular and provided with a balcony at the front or all round. The houses c the Thái in Thanh Hoá and Nghệ An resemble those of the Mường. Only houses-on-stilts of the Thai in Mường Lò (Yên Bái province) retain the traditional architectural features, with a single stairway as access. In the past, the interior of the Thái house was plain: there were some ra tan stools, mats, blankets, and baskets. As the people's living standards hav risen, now we can see also tables, chairs, beds, wardrobes, lanterns, bicycles, radios and so on. ...