Denomination: Giáy.Other names: Nhắng, Giẳng, Sa Nhân. Pu- Nắm, Chủng Chá, Pầu Thin.Small local group: Pu Nà (Cùi Chu or Quý Châu) Population: 50,000.Language: Tày-TháiArea of habitation: Mainly in Bát Xát, Bảo Thắng and Mường Khương districts (Lào Cai province), Yên Ninh and Đồng Văn districts (Hà Giang province), and Phong Thổ and Mường Tè districts (Lai Châu province). About 200 years ago, a number of Giáy families left China, their native place, to settle in the northern regions of Vietnam. Others followed them several decades later. The Giáy are also present in China in the community of Bố Y. The Giáy have many similarities with the Tày, Nùng, Thái and Bố Y in many aspects (mode of life, dressing.language, customs). Some Giáy villages are extremely similar to those of the said ethnic groups.
Nùng Denomination: Nùng Small local group: Nùng Khèn Lài, Nùng Giang, Nùng An, Nùng Inh, Nùng Lòi, Nùng Phàn Sình, Nùng Cháo, Nùng Ọuý Rịn, Nùng Xuồng, Nùng Dín, Nùng Tùng Slin Population: Approx. 870,000 Language: Tày-Thái Area of habitation: Mainly in Cao Bằng and Lạng Sơn provinces. The Nùng live together with the Tày. A number of Nùng now live in Hồ Chí Minh City, Đồng Nai, Lâm Đồng and Đác Lắc.
Material life Depending on the group and locality, the Nùng house may be built either level with the ground or half on stilts with clay walls and a tiled roof. In the past, people lived on the floor (if the house was on stilts), while cattle and poultry were kept below, on the ground, and agricultural produce and tools in the storage compartment near the roof (a kind of attic). Today, the house is larger and well- ventilated while the space under the floor is reserved for farming implements and wood. Cattle are kept in sheds built some distance from the main house. The Nùng house, by contrast with that of the Thái, is divided into two <parts widthwise. The front part is designed for the ancestral altar, and for receiving guests. The back part is used as bedroom and kitchen.
Denomination: Thái. Other name: Táy Small local groups: Táy Khao, (White Thái), Táy Đăm (Black Tliái), Táy Chiềng or Táy Mương (Hàng Tổng), Táy Thanh (Man Thanh), Táy Mười, Pu Thay, Thổ Đà Bắc(l), Táy Mộc Châu (Táy Đeng) Population: Over 1,400,000 Language: Tày-Thái Area of habitation: Northwest Vietnam, in the territory extending from the Red River to the Lam River, across the Đà and Mã rivers
The ancestors of the Thai settled in Vietnam very early, particularly in the northwest region. The White Thái first then the Black Thái arrived to settle en masse in their present area of habitation, constituting the majority of the population. They are also present in Laos, Thailand and Southern China.
Material life The Thái live in houses on bamboo or wooden stilts with wattle and daub. The house is in general spacious and built with a clear sense of elegance. The roof of the Black Thái house is shaped like a tortoise carapace with antefixes (called khau cút) at each end of the ridge. That of the White Thái house is rectangular and provided with a balcony at the front or all round. The houses c the Thái in Thanh Hoá and Nghệ An resemble those of the Mường. Only houses-on-stilts of the Thai in Mường Lò (Yên Bái province) retain the traditional architectural features, with a single stairway as access. In the past, the interior of the Thái house was plain: there were some ra tan stools, mats, blankets, and baskets. As the people's living standards hav risen, now we can see also tables, chairs, beds, wardrobes, lanterns, bicycles, radios and so on.
Download full size : Distance map of Hanoi to Ho Chi Minh | Distance map of Hanoi - North East & North West Vietnam | Distance map of Ho Chi Minh - Central Highlands & South-West provinces
Most visitors to Viet Nam need a visa to enter the country. Visas are exempted for the citizens of the countries which have signed a bilateral or unilateral visa exemption agreement with Viet Nam.
Vietnamese people that hold foreign passports and foreigners who are their husbands, wives and children are exempt from visa requirements to enter Viet Nam and are allowed to stay for not more than 90 days. In order to be granted visa exemption certificates at Vietnamese representative offices abroad, over¬seas Vietnamese need conditions: - Foreign-issued permanent residence certificate (PRC) with the validity of at least six months since the date of entrance. - Visa exemption paper (VEP) is granted by Vietnamese appro¬priate authorities. Those who expect to stay more than 90 days must apply for visa according to current stipulations before their entrance. For more information, please visit the website:http://mienthithucvk.mofa.gov.vn
Download full size : Map of Phu Quoc Island
Phu Quoc island
This tear-shaped island in the Gulf of Thailand has been compared to Koh Samui and Phuket before the hordes of tourists invaded. Vietnam’s largest island is surrounded by 40km of white sand beaches and turquoise seas. What’s more, Phu Quoc National Park ensures protection for almost 70% of the island. Pearls are harvested locally and fish sauce is made on the island. Major development plans are in the pipeline, so now is definitely the time to go before natural beauty is overtaken by progress. As well as relaxing and taking in the outstanding natural cenery, you can go river swimming, navigate old cave systems or explore by motorbike. If that sounds like too much effort, take a dip in the ocean and enjoy some deliciously fresh seafood, followed by a cocktail or two.
Downloa full size: Map of Mekong Delta River | Map of Can Tho City
The Mekong Delta
Area (sq.km): Long An: 4,493.8; Dong Thap: 3,375.4; An Giang: 3,536.8; Tien Giang: 2,484.2; Vinh Long: 1,479.1; Ben Tre: 2,360.2; Kien Giang: 6,346.3; Can Tho City: 1,401.6; Hau Giang: 1,601.1; Tra Vinh: 2,295.1; Soc Trang: 3,311.8; Bac Lieu: 2,501.5; Ca Mau: 5,331.6 Population (2010): Long An: 1,446,200: Dong Thap: 1,670,500; An Giang: 2,149,500; Tien Giang: 1,677,000; Vinh Long: 1,026,500; Ben Tre: 1,256,700; Kien Giang: 1,703,500; Can Tho City: 1,197,100; Hau Giang: 758,600; Tra Vinh: 1,005,900; Soc Trang: 1,300,800; Bac Lieu: 867,800; Ca Mau: 1,212,100 Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Khmer, Hoa, Cham The Mekong Delta comprises the 13 provinces formed by sediment deposited by the Mekong River. It is a region of lowlands, with thousands of canals and arroyos densely criss-crossing. Its fertile soil is very favourable to aquatic rice culture and fruit-trees planting. Bathed in the sun all year long, the delta is the richest granary of Viet Nam.
Download full size : Map of Ba Ria - Vung Tau | Map of Vung Tau Center City
Ba Ria - Vung Tau
Area: 1,987.4 sq.km Population (2010): 1,012,000 Provincial capital: Vung Tau City Districts, city: Ba Ria City; districts: Chau Due, Xuyen Moc, Tan Thanh, Long Dien, Dat Do, Con Dao Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Hoa, Cho Ro, Khmer Vung Tau City is 125km to the east of Ho Chi Minh City. In this region, there are two distinct seasons: the dry and the rainy season. Average annual temperature is 27°C. Ba Ria - Vung Tau Province is famous for its Vietnamese petroleum industrial zone and its handicraft. Ba Ria - Vung Tau Province is a large tourist centre. The harmonious blending between the mountains, the sea, urban architecture and cultural constructions give the province many points of interest. It offers a seashore of more than 100km with many beautiful beaches, lakes and thermal springs. The offshore Con Lon archipelago shelters the vestiges of the Con Dao Prison, Con Dao National Park and many beautiful beaches, and it produces rare and precious sea products.
Download Full size: Map of South-East Vietnam
Area (sq. km): Ho Chi Minh City: 2,095.5; Ba Ria - Vung Tau: 1,987.4; Dong Nai: 5,903.4; Tay Ninh: 4,049.2; Binh Duong: 2,695.2; Binh Phuoc: 6,874.4 Population (2010): Ho Chi Minh City: 7,396,500; Ba Ria- Vung Tau: 1,012,000; Dong Nai: 2,569,400; Tay Ninh: 1,075,300; Binh Duong: 1,619,900; Binh Phuoc: 893,400 Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Hoa, Xtieng, Ede, Cho Ro, Khmer, Cham, Ma, M'Nong The South-East of Viet Nam includes the 6 provinces and city located at the end of the Truong Son mountains. Binh Duong Province stands on the left-side of the Sai Gon River. From chief town (Thu Dau Mot City), the tourists can go and visit the vestiges and sights of the Chau Thoi Mountain, Ba and Hoi Khanh pagodas, or else, the fruit gardens of Lai Thieu, and the pottery and ceramics villages. Binh Phuoc is a province endowed with beautiful, unspoiled landscapes and some historic vestiges: the Thac Mo Waterfalls, the Ba Ra Mountain, the meadow of Bau Lach and the historic vestiges of Bu Dang, Bu Dop, Soc (village) Bombo.
Download full size : Map of Phan Thiet & Mui Ne Beaches
Phan Thiet & Mui Ne Beaches
Once part of the Cham Kingdom, Phan Thiet is now a bustling town of around 100,000 inhabitants. Fishing is Phan Thiet’s main industry as evidenced by the fleets of colourful fishing boats at the port. According to local statistics, 100 varieties of fish are caught here. Accordingly, Phan Thiet is famous for its fish sauce, a staple seasoning in Vietnamese cuisine. Most visitors pass straight through Phan Thiet to the 21km long sandy stretch of beach of Phu Hai and Ham Tien, 14km down the road. The first few resorts are in Phu Hai and the majority of the major tourist strip is in Ham Tien, giving way to a small town and market. Most of the food, accommodation, shopping and drink options are located here and apart from an excursion to the sand dunes, most travellers stick to this main drag. At the end of the road, the small fishing village of Mui Ne offers glimpses into traditional life. The pace is slower here, the ocean views spectacular and the locals friendly. Head out to the coast at the end of the day and see the fishermen bring in the day’s haul, sampling their wares at a seaside stand.
Download Full size : Map of Central Highlands Vietnam
The Central Highlands
Area (sq.km): Lam Dong: 9,772.2; Kon Turn: 9,690.5; Gia Lai: 15,536.9; Dak Lak: 13,125.4; Dak Nong: 6,515.6 Population (2010): Lam Dong: 1,204,900; Kon Turn: 443,400; Gia Lai: 1,300,900; Dak Lak: 1,754,400; Dak Nong: 510,600 Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Xo Dang, Ba Na, Gie Trieng, Gia Rai, E De, Nung, M'Nong, Tay The Central Highlands (or Tay Nguyen) include five provinces. They form an endlessly extended mountainous land, providing some plateau areas. The climate is submitted to two seasons: the rainy season and the dry one. The average annual temperature is 23.4°C. In the Central Highlands, the archaic past and present seem mingled altogether. It is an area of waterfalls, mysterious mountains and forest, immense coffee and rubber farms, resonating with echoing sounds of gongs, and perpetuating particular habits and customs. It's the great pride of the highlanders when the Cultural Space of the Gongs In the Central Highlands of Viet Nam has been recognized by UNESCO as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity since November 2005.
Download full size : Map of South-Central Coast Vietnam
The South - Central Coast
Area (sq.km): Da Nang: 1,283.4; Quang l\lam: 10,438.4; Quang Ngai: 5,152.7; Binh Dinh: 6,039.6; Phu Yen: 5,060.6; Khanh Hoa: 5,217.6; Ninh Thuan: 3,358; Binh Thuan: 7,810.4 Population (2010): Da Nang: 926,000; Quang Nam: 1,425,100; Quang Ngai: 1,218,600; Binh Dinh: 1,489,700; Phu Yen: 868,500; Khanh Hoa: 1,167,700; Ninh Thuan: 570,100; Binh Thuan: 1,176,900 Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Hre, Co Ho, Xo Dang, Cham, Ba Na, E De, Ra Giai, Gie Trieng, Hoa, Chu Ru The South-Central Coast includes 8 coastal provinces and city from Da Nang to Binh Thuan. Remarkably, these provinces all lean against the imposing Truong Son mountain range to the west, and face the East Sea to the east.
Download full size : Map of North-Central Vietnam
North-Central Viet Nam
Area (sq. km): Nghe An: 16,490.7; Ha Tinh: 6,025.6; Quang Binh: 8,065.3; Quang Tri: 4,747; Thua Thien - Hue: 5,062.6 Population (2010): Nghe An: 2,917,400; Ha Tinh: 1,228,000; Quang Binh: 849,300; Quang Tri: 600,500; Thua Thien - Hue: 1,090,900 Ethnic groups: Viet (or Kinh), Kho Mu, 0 Du, San Diu, H'Mong, Chut, Bru-Van Kieu, Lao, Pa Co, Ta Oi, Nung, xtieng, Xo Dang Five provinces in North-Central are located in the narrowest strip of land in the country, encompassed between the imposing Truong Son moun¬tains and the East sea. Nghe An is a large province covering the northern part of this region. It is a land of outstanding folk culture and traditional festivities, which take place on the river. Many great revolutionary patriots are native from Nghe An Province, including President Ho Chi Minh, the leader of the Vietnamese Nation. Ha Tinh Province also possesses numerous historical and cultural relics, along with beautiful landscapes. In the countryside, one can discover a folk culture treasury with thousands of folk shanty verses - vi songs and dam songs. Quang Binh Province is bestowed upon by nature rich resources along with so many imposing scenic spots and places of interest. One of them, Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park has been recognized as a Natural World Heritage by UNESCO (July 2003). It is considered as "kingdom of grottoes and caves" with hundreds of large and small grottoes, of which the largest and the most beautiful grottoes of Viet Nam such as Phong Nha, Thien Duong, especially Son Doong Cave is rated as the largest natural cave of the world. Quang Binh also has nice beaches and a mul¬tiform folk culture treasure, including art and literature.
Download full size : Map of Ninh Binh & Thanh Hoa Province
Ninh Binh - Thanh Hoa provinces
Area (sq.km): Ninh Binh: 1,389.1; Thanh Hoa: 11,133.4 Population (2010): Ninh Binh: 900,600; Thanh Hoa: 3,406,800 Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Muong, Thai, Hoa, H'Mong, Dao, Lao, Lu Ninh Binh and Thanh Hoa provinces both played an important role in the national history since they have been chosen to settle capitals: Hoa Lu as the capital of Dai Viet in the 10th century; Lam Kinh, also called Tay Kinh, as the capital under the King Le Thai To's reign; Tay Do as the capital under the Ho Dynasty (1400-1407). Today, vestiges of this glorious past are still abundant and draw not only Vietnamese but also many foreign tourists. The Ninh Binh land has been favoured by nature with nice rivers and some limestone sugarloaf mountains which rise dramatically from the valley floor, creating a very unusual topography that people commonly call Ha Long Bay on Land".
download full size: Map of Red river delta
The Red River Delta and the Middle Land
Area (sq.km): Ha Noi: 3,344.6; Phu Tho: 3,532.5; Vinh Phuc: 1,231.8; Bac Giang: 3,827.8; Bac l\linh: 822.7; Hai Duong: 1,650.2; Hung Yen: 923.5; Ha Nam: 860.2; Nam Dinh: 1,652.5; Thai Binh: 1,567.4; Ninh Binh: 1,389.1 Population (2010): Ha Noi: 6,561,900; Phu Tho: 1,322,100; Vinh Phuc: 1,008,300; Bac Giang: 1,560,300; Bac Ninh: 1,034,200; Hai Duong: 1,712,800; Hung Yen: 1,132,300; Ha Nam: 786,300; Nam Dinh:1,830,000; Ninh Binh: 900,600; Thai Binh: 1,786,300 Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Muong, Dao, San Chay, San Diu, Tay, Hoa, Dao... The Red River Delta and the Middle Land gathers 11 provinces and city. Blessed with alluvial soil thanks to the Red River and Thai Binh River, this region was the cradle of the Vietnamese Nation.
Download full size: Map of Hai Phong, Map of Quang Ninh , Hai Phong City Center Map , Halong City Center Map
Area: 1,522.1 sq.km Population (2010): 1,857,800 Districts: Hong Bang, Ngo Quyen, Le Chan, Kien An, Hai An, Do Son, Duong Kinh, Thuy Nguyen, An Duong, An Lao, Kien Thuy, Tien Lang, Vinh Bao, Cat Hai, Bach Long Vi Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Hoa, Tay, Nung Located in North-east coast of Viet Nam, Hai Phong is a large city existing an important northern seaport. The average temperature is about 23°C - 24°C. Hai Phong is served by an important transportation network of sea routes, roads, railways and air flights. It is a trading centre and an industrial city, but it also offers many historical sites to visit, as well as temples, pagodas, mausoleums and shrines, all testifying of a rich traditional life. Hai Phong is a big tourist centre with famous seaside sites such as Do Son or Cat Ba Island. Cat Ba National Park harbours a rich flora and fauna Coming to Hai Phong, visitors can enjoy some special festivals, such as the Buffalo Fighting Festival, visit historical sites, or take part in tours to Do Son Beach, Cat Ba Island, Bai Tu Long Bay and the magnificent Ha Long Bay.
Area: 6,099 sq.km Population (2010): 1,159,500 Provincial capital: Ha Long City Districts, towns: Cities: Mong Cai, Uong Bi, Cam Pha; town: Quang Yen; districts: Binh Lieu, Hai Ha, Dam Ha, Tien Yen, Ba Che, Van Don, Hoanh Bo, Dong Trieu, Co To Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Tay, Dao, San Diu, San Chay. Hoa
Download full size : Map of the North-West of Vietnam
The North West
Area (sq.km): Son La: 14,174.4; Dien Bien: 9,562.9; Lai Chau: 9,112.3; Yen Bai: 6,899.5; Lao Cai: 6,383.9; Hoa Binh: 4,595.2 Population (2010): Son La: 1,092,700; Dien Bien: 504,500; Lai Chau: 382,400; Yen Bai: 746,400; Lao Cai: 626,200; Hoa Binh: 793,500 Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Dao, Xinh Mun, Khang, Kho Mu, La Ha, Muong, Thai, H'Mong, Ha Nhi, Phu La, Si La, Giay, La Hu, Mang, Lao, Cong, Tay, Nung, Cao Lan, Lu, Bo Y, La Chi The North-West of Viet Nam is a very mountainous region. Son La and Moc Chau Highlands are consid¬ered as the pasture-lands of Viet Nam. Visitors can also explore the city of Dien Bien Phu, a name that is known all over the world after the famous victory against the French in May 1954. Coming to the North-West in the springtime, visitors will be seduced by the beauty of blossoming ban flowers, ethnic villages looming beside the pink and white peach flower branches. In the autumn, visitors can't help being astonished by yellow ripening terraced rice fields along mountain slopes. Visitors would also have a chance to meet different hilltribes and to discover their unique culture.
Download full size : Map of The far north - Vietnam
The Far North
Area (sq.km): Cao Bang: 6,724.6; Lang Son: 8,323.8; Bac Kan: 4,859.4; Thai Nguyen: 3,526.2; Tuyen Quang: 5,870.4; Ha Giang: 7,945.8 Population (2010): Cao Bang: 513,100; Lang Son: 735,600; Bac Kan: 296,500; Thai Nguyen: 1,131,300; Tuyen Quang: 728,900; Ha Giang: 735,800 Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Tay, Nung, Dao, H Mong, Hoa, San Chay, Ngai, San Diu, Cao Lan The Far North (Viet Bac) consists of six provinces lying close to the China border. This region presents numerous caves and an entire network of rivers and streams.
Download full size: Map of Vietnam country
Viet Nam is one of the most beautiful countries in Asia. It shares borders with China, Laos and Cambodia, and faces the East Sea. Thanks to its location, Viet Nam is a bridge linking Southeast Asian mainland together. It is an S-shaped peninsula, with thousands of offshore islands, the largest archipelagoes being the Hoang Sa (Paracel) Islands and the Truong Sa (Spartley) Islands. The country's land area is 331,051.4 sq.km and lies between East longitudes 102°08' and 109°28', and North latitudes 8°02' and 23°23'. Viet Nam offers a 3,260km coastline and its inland borderline is 4,550km. From North to South, the country stretches on about 1,650km.
Viet Nam is located in a tropical and temperate zone. The climate is characterized by a strong monsoon influence, a considerable amount of sunny days, and a high rate of rain- fall and humidity. The tropical and the mountainous regions enjoy a temperate climate. The annual aver- age temperature is 23°C in Ha Noi, 25°C in Hue, and 26°C in Ho Chi Minh City. The climate in Viet Nam is divided into two distinguished seasons: the cold season (from November to April) and the hot sea- son (from May to October). However, the four distinct seasons are most evident in the northern provinces.
One of Asia’s most vibrant and welcoming cities, Saigon (as it is still popularly known) is a cultural melting pot with something to offer every traveler, Ho Chi Minh Road Map, Map in Ho Chi Minh Download full size: Ho Chi Minh & Around Map | Map of Ho Chi Minh City | Simple Ho Chi Minh Map
A slice of Europe in the Central Highlands of Vietnam, Dalat found favor with the French rulers for its cool climate. Today, Dalat’s mild temperatures are popular with travelers, as is the town’s attractive landscape of colonial villas, gardens, lakes and rolling hills Download full size: Map of Da Lat (HD version)| Da Lat Central Map
Its fine beach, island and mountain views, fresh seafood and gentle sea breezes have endeared Nha Trang to many tourists. Download full size :Map of Nha Trang | Nha Trang Center Map
Khanh Hoa Province
Area: 5,217.6 sq.km Population (2010): 1,167,700 Provincial capital: Nha Trang City Districts, towns: Cam Ranh City, Ninh Hoa Town; districts: Dien Khanh, Khanh Vinh, Khanh Son, Cam Lam, Van Ninh, Truong Sa. Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Ra Giai, E De, Gie Trieng, Cham, etc. Khanh Hoa is a coastal province of South-Central Viet Nam. The Khanh Hoa coast is 200km long, with more than 200 islands offshore, of which Truong Sa Island District gathers over one hundred islands around. The climate is monsoon - tropical, with an average temperature of 26.5°c. Various forms of convenient transports are available. Nha Trang City is 445km from Ho Chi Minh City, nearly 1,300km from Ha Noi. Cam Ranh Airport is about 35km from the centre of Nha Trang City.
The small town of Hoi An is the perfect place to break your journey midway through Vietnam. Located on the country’s magnificent central coast, this one-time trading port retains an old world ambience and a rich historical quality that resulted in its recent listing as a UNESCO World Heritage site
Download full size: Map of Hoi An Simple | Hoi An Map
Da Nang is the largest city in central Vietnam and one of the country’s most important ports. Ringed by mountains on one side and the East Sea on the other, Da Nang has numerous sites of natural beauty and historical interest.
Download full size: Map of Da Nang Simple | Da Nang Map | Da Nang Province
Area (sq.km): Da Nang: 1,283.4; Quang Nam: 10,438.4 Population (2010): Da Nang: 926,000; Quang Nam: 1,425,100 Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Hoa, Co Tu, Xo Dang, Gie Trieng, Co (Cor) Located in the middle of Central Viet Nam, Da Nang - Quang Nam is a abundant region in traditional culture with many folk songs such as bai choi, ho khoan, hat ly...
Vietnam’s 19-20th Century capital under her last royal dynasty, Hue is a quiet and attractive city home to some of Vietnam’s most impressive feudal remnants. Download full size: : Map of Hue Simple | Map of Hue City Center | Hue Province Map
Thua Thien Hue
Area: 5,062.6 sq.km Population (2010): 1,090,900 Provincial capital: Hue City Districts: Phong Dien, Quang Dien, Huong Tra, Phu Vang, Phu Loc, A Luoi, Nam Dong and Huong Thuy Town Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Ta Oi, Co Tu, Bru-Van Kieu, Hoa Thua Thien Hue Province is located in Central Viet Nam. The province leans up against the Truong Son mountains range and is washed by the East Sea, along its 120km seashore. Transportation by train, road, air, and water routes is very convenient. The yearly average temperature reaches 25°C.
Now a World Heritage site the bay’s towering cliffs, jungle-topped islands, hidden caves, grottoes and calm waters are a must-see for any visitor to the north of Vietnam. Halong Bay Map, Map Halong, Halong bay Tourism Map. Map city HalongCLick here for full size: Ha Long Map
Download full size : Map of Hanoi part 1| Map of Hanoi part 2 | Map of Hanoi part 3 | Map of Hanoi part 4
Area: 3,344.6 sq.km Population (2010): 6,561,900 Administrative units: - 10 urban districts: Hoan Kiem, Ba Dinh, Dong Da, Hai Ba Trung, Tay Ho, Thanh Xuan, Cau Giay, Long Bien, Hoang Mai, Ha Dong - Town: Son Tay - 18 suburban districts: Dong Anh, Soc Son, Thanh Tri, Tu Liem, Gia Lam, Ba Vi, Chuong My, Dan Phuong, Hoai Due, My Due, Phu Xuyen, Phuc Tho, Quoc Oai, Thach That, Thanh Oai, Thuong Tin, Ung Hoa and Me Linh Ethic groups: Viet (Kinh), Hoa, Muong, Tay, Dao... Ha Noi is the capital of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.
Located in Vietnam’s remote north west mountains, Sapa is famous for both its fine, rugged scenery and also its rich cultural diversity. Its lush, deep river valleys, in the shadows of Vietnam’s tallest peak Mount Fansipan, are home to Blue H’mong and Red Dao communities, who continue to maintain their strong traditions and warmly welcome visitors to their homes. Download full size: Sapa Map part 1 | Sapa Map part 2 | Sapa Map part 3
Vietnam is located in both a tropical and a temperate zone. It is characterized by strong monsoon influences, but has a considerable amount of sun, a high rate of rainfall, and high humidity. Regions located near the tropics and in the mountainous regions are endowed with a temperate climate.
North Vietnam ( from Hai Van Pass toward the north )
- warm, -light sun - temperature: 24 °C > 30 °C
-hot -very humid, strong sun, big rain - temperature: 32 °C > 42 °C
- breezy and cool - light sun - temperature: 18 °C > 25 °C
- Cold - drizzle - Wet
- big rain but quick -sunny - hot -temperature: 25 °C > 35 °C
- no rain - sunny - warm -temperature: 22 °C > 30 °C
The best time to visit Vietnam is from April to June and from October to December as the whole country has decent sunshine and clear sky. Light clothing is preferable, yet bring an extra layer if you go to mountainous areas as it is cool at night.
Cost of daily items & tipping
Price guide & tipping
When you visit a new country, it's always hard to know how much you should expect to pay for things, or the correct etiquette for tipping. Here we've given you some general prices for common items and advice on when and how much to tip to make it a little easier for you.
General product price guide
Here is a general price guide for a few common items:
Tips and advice to help you stay safe during your trip
By international standards, Vietnam is a safe country with low rates of street crime and violence. Use this general guide to help you maximise your personal safety during your trip.
Most of these tips are common sense, and you probably practise them in your own country, but they can make a real difference.
In an emergency that requires ambulance, police or fire services dial 114 from any telephone. In the case of a non-emergency crime you should contact your local police station.
We strongly advise that you take out adequate insurance before you leave to cover you for any health and medical issues, and also for theft or damage to your belongings.
Travelling to Vietnam on Business?
When travelling to Vietnam on business, why not combine business with pleasure and extend your stay to experience Vietnam with your partner and family?
Take time out of your busy schedule to discover what Vietnam has to offer, not only as a top business destination but also as a world-class holiday destination.
If you would like to organise an event in the Vietnam, be it a meeting, conference, exhibition or incentive,
Let's talk money
Before you visit anywhere new, it's a good idea to find out about the currency and exchange rate, and how you can get hold of cash or use your credit card while you are away. Here you'll find some useful information about currency and making money transactions in the Vietnam to help make your...
Currency & exchanging money
Vietnam’s unit of currency is the Vietnam Dong(sterling) – VND. The symbol for the pound sterling is VND.
The Vietnamese monetary system
Vietnamese money is based on the decimal system . Coins have been most disappear and become Kid toy. Notes have the values of VND 1.000, VND 2.000, VND 5.000, VND 10.000, VND 20.000, VND 50.000, VND 100.000, VND 200.000, and VND 500.000
Bringing money to the Vietnam
You can bring in and take out bank notes, travellers' cheques, letters of credit etc. in any currency and up to any amount.
For before leave and during your trip
If you have special medical needs, or in case you become unwell or require medical assistance during your trip, here is some advice and information for before you leave and during your stay.
Collectively, we've touched down on every continent on earth and we're closing in on every country. But we're nowhere near perfect travelers. Every one of the travel chokes on this list comes from painful personal experience -- often multiple times repeating the same mistakes. (We're nothing if not persistent.) What are your biggest travel mistakes? Add them to the list in the comments section below.
To enter the Vietnam you will need to show a valid passport and value at lest 6 months, or national identity card if you are an EEA citizen ( passport is better with my advice) .
Most visitors to Vietnam need a visa to enter the country. Visas are exempted for the citizens of the countries, which have signed a bilateral or unilateral visa exemption agreement with Vietnam, tourist visa may be valid for 15 to 30 days.
Car & motorbike
The relative affordability of vehicle hire makes the latter a popular option. Having your own set of wheels gives you maximum flexibility to visit remote regions and stop when and where you please.
The major considerations are safety, the mechanical condition of the vehicle, reliability of the rental agency and your budget. Don’t think about driving a car yourself in Vietnam (a motorbike is challenging enough) and moreover, hire charges for the car include a driver.
Western-style taxis with meters, found in most major cities, are very, very cheap by international standards and a safe way to travel around at night. Average tariffs are about 15.000d per kilometre (~ USD 1 / 1km) . However, there are many dodgy taxis roaming the streets of Hanoi and HCMC and the meters are clocked to run at two or three times the normal pace. Only travel with reputable or recommended companies.
Express interprovincial coach services are usually large, modern and comfortable. Many provide free Wi-Fi, TV and water facilities. Some coach companies also have their own rest stations with restaurants and shops along the route. Tickets should be bought from the registered ticket booths at the bus terminal.
Main coach companies
Why trains are the best way to get around Vietnam...
Vietnam's air-conditioned trains are safe, comfortable & inexpensive, the ideal way for independent travellers to get around and see Vietnam at ground level. The train journeys are a genuine Vietnamese experience in themselves, an integral part of your visit to Vietnam. You might even meet some Vietnamese people. Inexperienced travellers sometimes think they'll save time by using internal flights - in fact, an overnight train ride from Hanoi to Hué or Danang actually saves time compared to flying, because the train leaves Hanoi city centre in the evening and arrives in Hué city
At present there are 7 registered airlines in Vietnam: Vietnam Airlines, Jetstar Pacific, Air Mekong, VASCO, Indochina Airlines, VietJetStar and Viet Star Airlines. The first 4 airlines are currently operating both domestic and international flights.
Below are five good domestic airlines in Vietnam currently:
1. Vietnam Airlines: www.vietnamairlines.com
2. Air Mekong: www.airmekong.com.vn/Sites/Web/en-Us/Home
Most international flights arrive and depart daily from Ho Chi Minh City (still referred to as Saigon locally) and Hanoi. There is also an international airport on the central coast at Danang with about 2 international flights a week. There is now 2 direct flights to Hanoi, Vietnam from the UK - Gatwick Airport; the two quickest one stop options are usually Cathay Pacific from London via Hong Kong or Singapore Airlines from Manchester or London, via Singapore. There are also several direct flights from Europe to Bangkok and numerous onward connections from there to Vietnam (now less interesting due to the necessity to change airport in Bangkok). From Italy the cheapest and best airline is Turkish, that will stop at bangkok for 2 hours. All airlines will usually allow you a stopover in the city they transit should you wish to break the journey. Alternatively you can access Vietnam from Laos or Cambodia should you be combining these destinations. Flights are frequent but many people enjoy traveling from Cambodia into southern Vietnam via the Mekong River, or overland from Laos into northern Vietnam
One of the most popular dishes is NEM RAN (fried Vietnamese spring rolls), which are known as Cha Gio in the south and Nem Ran in the north. They are made of rice paper, and are filled with minced pork.,crab. Vermicelli, onion,. mushroom and eggs. A few hours of working in Hanoi city or where ever, please order Nem Ran for lunch or for dinner. You must will love it. The light and flaky rice paper fill with mince pork and bean sprouts is perfect snacking food while nursing bleeding heels in local’s homes.
Ta Van village in Sapa - the destination for traveller homestay (Red Zhao minority). It is in the foothills, surrounded by this beautiful mountains bathed in sunlight, with mountain streams, rice terraces etc as far as the eye could see, it is almost like we were on another planet!
Hanoi's Beer Pavement or Hanoi Beer Street is something of a traveller institution that's spilled over into nearby Ta Hien Street, or Duong Thanh Street in Old Quarter in Hanoi City. to create what now may be better described as beer pavement
Beer Pavement doesn't require much explanation. All day and night, hundreds of travellers and a good number of locals descend on makeshift outdoor bars in the old quarter to sit on plastic stools, drink beer and watch the city rush by.
Tam Coc means three grotoes where take rowing boat to explore the untouched beauty of the famous "Halong Bay in the ricefields". Dozens of small row boats are moored there, hotels rent bicycles and guides offer their services.
At 3143m Mt. Fansipan is the highest peak in Vietnam and the entire Indochina peninsula. This remote trek provides plenty to see and absorb. As we ascend through the lower reaches of Fansipan, we will pass terraced rice paddies and villages of the H'mong, one of Vietnam's many ethnic minorities
Ha Long Bay, in the Gulf of Tonkin, includes some 1,600 islands and islets, forming a spectacular seascape of limestone pillars. Because of their precipitous nature, most of the islands are uninhabited and unaffected by a human presence. The site's outstanding scenic beauty is complemented by its great biological interest.The outstanding value of the property is centered around the
Vietnam is a paradox. It's a communist government with a capitalist economy. Telling it how it is, communism, socialism, call it what you will, is dead. This is a one-party capitalist bureaucracy that doesn't need to sweat about bothersome elections, and democratic rights. Officially, communism is still king , but there can be few party hacks that really believe Vietnam is a Marxist Utopia. Market - oriented socialism the new mantra, although socially-responsible capitalistic might be nearer the mark. My real love is painting and my work is quite popular. My living is stable, my family is happy, and we like to visit new areas of Vietnam for our holidays. I like to wander around the desolate and natural places that will soon disappear when life moves on.
Four great philosophies and religions have shaped the spiritual life of the Vietnamese: Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism and, later, Christianity. Over the centuries, Confulcianism,Taoism and Buddhism have fuded with popular Chinese beliefs and ancient. Vietnamese animism to create the Tam Giao (Triple Religion). When discussing religion, most Vietnamese people are likely to say that they are Buddhist, but when it comes to family or civic duties they are likely to follow the moral and social code of Confucianism, and turn to Taoist concepts to understand the nature of the cosmos. Although the majority of the population has only a vague cotion of Buddhist doctrines, they invite monks to participate in life–cycle ceremonies, such as funerals. Buddhist pagodas are see by many Vietnamese as a physical and spirtual refuge from an uncertain world.
Origins of the Vietnamese Language
Like the origins of the Vietnamese people and culture, the history of the Vietnamese language is also a mixture of different parts and components. The monotonic Mon-Khmer language gave Vietnamese many of its basic words and the Tai languages contributed many aspects of tonality and grammar. Also, because the Chinese dominated Vietnamese culture and history for almost almost a millenium, not suprisingly, much of the Vietnamese language's political, literary, philosophical, military, and religious vocabulary comes from Chinese, although the pronunciations have changed through the years. Finally, there is a sprinkling of modern French and English words as well.
In the Beginning . . .
According to traditional legends, Viet Nam was formed when King Lac Long Quan (also known as the "Dragon Lord of Lac" or the "Dragon Lord of the Seas") married Princess Au Co (a Chinese immortal and descended from the High Mountains). She bore him 100 eggs, out of which 100 sons were born. They soon established a nation that stretched from southern China to northern Indonesia.
The greatest danger to your safety when traveling Vietnam is, in fact, road travel: Getting around by car or bus means throwing your lot into a system where might is right, and the fastest vehicles or the ones that look and sound most like the apocalypse have the right of way. Even major highways are narrow and require a bit of "chicken" -- or "forced giving way" -- when opposing vehicles meet. An estimated 30 people die every day on roads in Ho Chi Minh alone.
The most popular time of year to visit the region is between October and April. With the exception of the mountainous colder parts of Vietnam and Laos, the weather is at its most comfortable during this time. However, this means that in some places, accommodation may be harder to find in the high season.
Vietnam is a very conservative country, something like the West was before the 1960s. Marriage is a child-bearing operation that happens early in life, with generations of a family living together. Imagine Hillary Clinton's proverbial "village" (as in "It takes a village"), but here, there's little leeway for anything short of providing for the next generation and no tolerance of alternative lifestyles. Attitudes toward homosexuality, despite growing notions that people are "born" so, are archaic and discriminatory.
Three Steps to avoid fraud when booking travel online for your Vietnam holiday
Thousands of foreign consumers are victims of web fraud every year after booking bogus flights or holidays online.
Earlier this year a gang of internet fraudsters was found guilty of conspiracy to defraud after swindling one million USD from innocent holiday makers. The gang had taken-over five legitimate holiday firms in Ho Chi Minh and Hanoi during a three year period. They then traded under various names, including Ciao Travel and Luxury Travel Ltd, and advertised cheap holidays that did not exist.
Vietnam Royal Tourism (VRT) - The Leading Tour Operator in Vietnam : Vietnam Tours | Vietnam Travel
International Tour Operator License No: 01-213 / TCDL-GPLHQT - Issued by Vietnam National Administration of Tourism.
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